Uncontrolled hypertension, a common disease associated with an increased long-term risk of a number of serious health conditions

Every year on May 17, World Hypertension Day is celebrated. The theme for 2022: “Accurately measure your blood pressure, control it, live longer.”

The theme aims to combat low awareness around the world, especially in low- and middle-income areas, using accurate blood pressure measurement techniques. In this regard, NephroPlus, the largest dialysis network in India, which studies the prevalence of hypertension in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), emphasizes the importance of controlling blood pressure at a very early stage.

Uncontrolled hypertension, a common disease, is associated with an increased long-term risk of a number of serious health conditions.

Even when patients are cared for by professionals, they often have a limited understanding of fundamental aspects, including symptoms, diet options, benefits and risks of medications, and finally the importance and ease of self-monitoring.

High blood pressure or high blood pressure is a major cause of kidney disease and kidney failure.

Over time, uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to narrowing, weakening or hardening of the arteries around the kidneys. These damaged arteries cannot deliver enough blood to the kidney tissue. This can lead to damage to the kidney filters, loss of protein in the urine and damage to the kidneys.

What you need to know

  • High blood pressure (hypertension) is the leading cause of kidney disease and kidney failure (urgent kidney disease)
  • Three of the 4 patients on hemodialysis suffer from hypertension
  • Hypertension is not only a cause but also a consequence of CKD
  • Blood pressure control is affected by dialysis frequency (70 percent – twice a week or less than twice a week HD).
  • In addition, diet and medication affect blood pressure control in dialysis patients

However, there have been very few studies to contextualize this observation with a close focus on dialysis patients. Unanswered questions in India include blood pressure measurement time, value of systolic or diastolic blood pressure, type of medication and finally fluid treatment in patients undergoing dialysis with a lower dialysis rate.

Ironically, this is a common problem that has not received due importance.

As the leading dialysis brand in the country, NephroPlus aims to improve the lives of dialysis patients and help them live better by delving deeply into the subject to understand the effects of hypertension in people of different genders and ages. The results showed that diet and medication affected blood pressure control in dialysis patients.

A total of 16,847 dialysis patients were studied. In the study, 3 of the 4 patients on dialysis were hypertensive. Being overweight, lack of exercise or activity, a high-sodium diet combined with a genetic predisposition put these older women at risk for high blood pressure.

While most studies show that worldwide a significant percentage of men have high blood pressure than women, the NephroPlus study found an increase in hypertension in women aged 21 to 40, suggesting that hypertension is health problem in young people. also female population.

Hypertension is observed in 2/3 to ¾ of patients on hemodialysis.

Blood pressure is affected by the frequency of dialysis (70 percent come on hemodialysis in 2 weeks or less than 2 per week). In addition, diet and medication affect blood pressure control in dialysis patients. This study provides a national picture of the impact of hypertension on dialysis patients, among populations across India. High blood pressure is easy to detect, it can be prevented, treated and inexpensive.

You need to lead a healthy lifestyle, including plenty of fruits and vegetables and less processed foods. You need to be physically active and exercise for at least 30 minutes five times a week. Say no to smoking and keep your body weight within the recommended range.

The team, made up of NephroPlus, is a highly professional unit based on experience, passion for service and a sincere commitment to excellence. As a leading provider of dialysis services in more than 160 cities across India, NephroPlus is concerned with providing dialysis assistance in and around India, as well as educating dialysis people with the right information and guidance.

Dr. Surash Sankar is a dual specialist who combines two decades of nephrology practice with a decade of clinical leadership experience. He is the Senior Vice President of Clinical NephroPlus

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