The political parties, after the presidential meeting in 2022, are in the margins for the legal elections, in June. On the other hand, the new Visage of the National Assembly, one of the 577 deputies. But what exactly is an MP? What are your commitments? What are your adventures and adventures? The answer point is the nominal point.
What is the role of deputies?
The deputies representing the Nation. Not only a few who are els, but a few who vote and control the government’s action.
Comment sont-ils élus et pour combien de temps?
Les 577 français français sont élus au suffrage universare direct, selon la regèle du scrutin majoritaire à deux tours.
They are the only one for five years. Sauf si une dissolsion de l’Assemblée est prononcée par le pésident de la République. Su la Bis In October 1962, in May 1968, in May 1981, in May 1988 and in April 1997.
What did a deputy do?
The deputies have two basic functions: voter les lois et examiner les actions du governement.
From the corner, every deputy voted for the new news. It can promote laws and amendments and modifications of the texts of the study. D’ailleurs, il doit obligatoirement faire partie d’une des huit Commissions permanentes de l’Assemblée.
The projects and proposals of the following different stages before the acceptance. Plusieurs allers et venues (ou «navettes») ont lieu entre l’Assemblée et le Sénat. The definite text is the vote of identity by the two entities. But in the case of discord, this is the Assembly that is the last thing.
On the other hand, the deputies have a role in controlling the government. Ils peuvent donc interroger ce dernier, экзаменатар ses actions au sein de Commissions, ou encore contrôler l’emploi de l’argent public. It is this that not only the great moments of the first half of the chemical year between the deputies and the ministers of the “questions of governance” are taken into account. A member of parliament can also create a censorship movement that is the reason for the responsibility of the government. Alors, elle sera summise au vote de l’ensemble des deputes.
Most of the deputies are also out of power. Notation of the south. Aini un député peut être élu par ses collègues membre de la Cour de justice de la République (composée de šeśt députés, šeśc sénateurs et trois magistrats) afin de juger les membres et anciens membres du gouvernement.
The President is not an example of this control, which is due to the constitutional revision of February 23, 2007, the deputies and senators formed the Haute Cour chargée de prononcer sur une eventual destitution.
What are your legal protections?
The deputy did not benefit from the “privileges”, but from the “state protector”. Cela peut sembler anodin, mais loin de là. This statute is “a destination destined to assume independence and the freedom of expression necessary for the exercise of its mandate”, according to corruption. An Bureau de l’Assemblée s’assure de la bonne praktique des depetés.
The first statute is parliamentary immunity. She admires two parties, the irresponsibility and the inviolability, lasting the term of office. Comme l’indique la Constitution, «aucun membre du parlement ne peut être poursuivi, recherché, arrêté, détenu ou jugé à l’occasion des opinion or voices émis par lui dans l’exercice de ses fonctions». A deputy does not have the right to commit any arrest or any other private or restrictive liberty (judicial control) without the authorization of the Bureau, or the case of a criminal or flagrant crime, or a definite condominium. Cependant, depuis la reforme du 4 août 1995, un depute peut étre mis en examen.
The second statute concerns “incompatibilities”, in which the impossibility of accumulating certain functions has functions with the term of office of the deputy: companies contracted with the state, council, lawyer …
To avoid all forms of depression, the deputy will not be able to receive any French-speaking decoration during his term of office, or to make publicity, or to conduct a press and communication body.
Sont interdites all remuneration, gratification or indemnity percussion in the title of a function exerted in his institution or an external organization in the quality of parliamentarians.
A deputy doit-il declare his well and his revenge?
Yes. The statute of the legislature, in the event of a legal dispute, does not contradict the election of the electorate and the assembly.
The deputy should declare his patronage in the beginning and in the end of his term, in order to verify that he is not exercising this source of enrichment. However, on October 11, 2013, these declarations are public.
It also has the effect of declaring interests and activities, public opinion, in order to verify the compatibility between the parliamentary mandate and a professional activity.
What is the salary of a deputy?
Remuneration of deputies is not simple. Et il ne faut pas perdre de vue qu’il s’agit de leur garantir l’indépendance et d’éviter toute karupciji. Of the revenge of the tyrants, well in the midst of the Mediterranean war in France.
Leur indemnisation seule seule diise en trois niveaux: la base, la residence et la fonction.
January 1, 2019, the lesser indemnities are the following:
- basic compensation: € 5,623.23;
- residence indemnity (3%): € 168.70;
- compensation (25% of the total): € 1,447.98.
Soit un montant brut mensuel de: 7 239,91 €.
The gross monthly income is 7,239.91 euros. It is worth 5,744 euros. One of the obligatory retirement benefits, the net price is 5,715.43 euros.
One of the few can be added to the indemnities of supplements, ceilings of 1.5 times the mount of the accumulated indemnities of base and function, to “compensate” for the responsibilities of certainty. Some questions about an indemnity of 5,024.49 euros gross.
Dividing, the indemnity is not to be taken lightly. Car des moyens sont fournis pour «leur permettre d’exercer leur mandat»: des frais de mandat (DMD) et un credit affecté à la rémunération de collaborators.
Do you have right to fresh notes? What is DMD?
A grant of material (DMD) is defined for taxi payments, telephony and internet applications, etc. She left for 18,950 euros according to the guidelines for a metropolitan deputy. S’ils la dépassent, ils doivent rendre des comptes pour être eventual remboursés. The rest of the sauce, they are attributed to the parliamentary group do not have a party.
It also has a direct right to education and a grant for plumbing for its equipment, principle of zirconscription, namely the Credit for Telephony and Information Technology (Ceti). For the latest news, the grant is 15,500 euros. For real, it is 13,000 euros.
Are the transports reimbursed?
Yes, they are so effective in the frame of their mandate. Personnel discharges are not reimbursed.
The National Assembly takes charge of the travel of deputies on the metropolitan area of the SNCF in 1re class.
For accommodations in Paris and in the Parisienne region, the Assembly may offer a number of voivodeships with a driver who will be able to use the Palais Bourbon at an address in Paris.
Discounts are valid for taxi drivers, VTCs, car parks and bicycles, including veterans, on justifiable charges, for the grant of material of the deputies (DMD).
On demand, they will be able to obtain a nominative card for the benefit of the RATP Paris Transport Authority and the SNCF Transylvania Research Network.
For air transport, the Assembly will charge 92 vols for the metropolitan deputies: 80 entre Paris et leur circonscription; 12 in order to appoint a French metropolis, a sheep son jointly. Our deputies are annually credited.
Leur paye-t-on le gîte et le couvert?
Yes and no. The Bourbon Palace has three restaurants, a buffet and a cafeteria for guests. En-dehors, the fresh ones are at a charge per lending (DMD).
242 deputies have access to the possibility of smoking in the office. Hormis les elus de Paris et de la Petite Couronne, qui rentrent chez eux, les autres peuvent résider dans l’une des 51 chambres de la résidence de l’Assemblée (l’immeuble Jacques Chaban-Delmas).
The offices and the 51 rooms are occupied, but they also benefit from the rebranding part of the hotel’s last night, in the limit of 200 euros per night. The fresh air conditioner and parking are completely rebuilt. There is an agreement with five partner hotels, which guarantees the preferential rates for the best, the best and the best. In this case, the night is fully reimbursed.
What about a deontology chart?
Yes. Car les parlementaires doivent be les les representants de l’intertet géneral, sans étre influencés par toute consideération d’ordre privé.
The work on deontology and this entamé in 2010.