© Reuters. A Tesla model 3 electric vehicle (EV) is displayed at the China International Trade Fair for Services (CIFTIS) in Beijing, China, September 1, 2022. REUTERS/Florence Luo

David Shepardson

WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The U.S. Senate Finance Committee is demanding that big car makers, not General Motors ( NYSE 🙂 ), Tesla ( NASDAQ 🙂 and Ford Motor ( NYSE :)) , disclose their components. lie à des allégations de travail forcé utilization en Chine, selon des lettres rendues publiques jeudi.

En juin, une loi américaine est entrée en vigueur interdisant l’importation de produits de travail forcé en provenance du Xinjiang, en réponse au traitement réservé par Pékin à la minority musulmane ouïghoure de Chine, que Washington a qualified de genocide.

The President of the Finance Commission of the Senate, Ron Wyden, wrote to the General Managers of the main automobile manufacturers to inquire about the problems of the Chinese supply chain, stating that it is vital that the automobile manufacturers exempt their relationships with all suppliers linked to Xinjiang”.

Pekin nie les abus au Xinjiang, mais affirme avoir avoir created des “centres de training professionnelle” pour lutter contre le terrorisme, le separatisme et le radicalisme religieux.

Les lettres, qui ont également été sentées à Toyota Motor (NYSE :), Volkswagen (ETR :), Chrysler-parent Stellantis and Mercedes-Benz, ont declared “à moins que la diligence raisonné ne confirme que les components ne sont pas liés au travail forcé, les constructors automobiles ne peuvent pas et ne doivent pas vendre aux États Unis des voitures qui include des components extrait ou produit au Xinjiang. »

Wyden veut savoir si les constructors automobiles have already canceled or reduced the use of a supplier “en raison de son utilization de matières premières, de l’exploitation minière, de la transformation ou de la fabrication de pièces liéantes au Xinjiang?” »

Il a cité un nouveau rapport publié plus tôt ce mois-ci par des chercheurs de l’Université britannique de Sheffield Hallam sur l’utilisation par l’industrie automobile de l’acier, de l’aluminium, des batteries, de l’électronique and other composite products in Xinjiang.

“Entre l’extraction/le treatment des mateires premières et la fabrication of automobile parts, we found that practically every part of the car required a thorough examination to ensure that it was exempt from forced labor,” the report said. .

GM declared on Thursday that it actively supervises the global supply chain and that its contracts with its suppliers prohibit the recourse to any “forced or involuntary work, abusive treatment of employees or corrupt commercial practices in the supply of goods and services to GM”.

Honda has declared that it is attending to its suppliers following its global directives on durability and maintenance. Stellantis declared that “the construction of solid and responsible supply chains is an important objective for us” and monitoring the respect by suppliers of its code of conduct on the basis of contractual engagements and evaluations is ongoing.

Volkswagen has declared that it will respond to the letter of the Senate and stressed that it takes seriously the responsibility of enterprises and rejects “forcible work and all forms of modern slavery, including the trait of human beings.”

Les autres constructors automobiles n’ont fait aucun commentaire ou n’ont pas immediately commenté.

The syndicate United Auto Workers (UAW) called this month on automobile manufacturers to move their entire supply chain out of the Chinese region of Xinjiang, saying “the moment has come for the automobile industry.” establish models of supply chains on a large scale outside the ouïghoure region that protect the labor force and human rights and the environment.