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Situé entre la Lituanie et la Pologne, le corridor de Suwalki est sous surveillance depuis le debut de la guerre en Ukraine, le 24 februar. Reliant of the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad to Byelorussia pro-Poutine, the passage of the terrestrial suscite les craintes des pays Baltes, qui y voient depuis longtemps une possible porte d’entrée pour les troupes russes. The admission of Finland and Sweden to the Ottoman Empire raises the question of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

This is a very small band of 65 kilometers long on the front line between Pologne and Lithuania. But she is a recruit. The corridor of Suwalki, which is located in the Russian enclave of Kaliningrad, on the Baltic Sea, in Belarus pro-Poutine, the separation mark between the Baltic states and the Allian Alliance and the Otan. Depuis le debut de la guerre en Ukraina, 24 februa, la Lituanie a renforcé la surveillance de ce passage, source d’inquiétude depuis l’invasion de la Crimée par la Russie, en 2014.

À l’ouest, le passage de Suwalki part de l’oblast – région administrative russe – de Kaliningrad. Annexée Staline après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Kaliningrad est restée russe, malgré l’indépendance des États baltes (Estonia, Lettonie, Lituanie) en 1991. Au fil des ans de l’UE aux États baltes, en 2004.

The corridor of Suwalki, a landlord who inquires about the Baltic and Polish countries, in the frame of the war in Ukraine. © Graphic Studio France Médias Monde

The corridor of Suwalki, which is located in the name of a Polish villa near the front line, is located on the front line between Lithuania and Poland and is located in Belarus. The vassal state of Moscow opposes the regulation of military exercises, in response to the re-enforcement of troops in Pologne and in the Baltic states. The Russian troupes are almost free in Belarus. In this context, the corridor of Suwalki is one of the most analyzed as a point of view of Otan. Car en s’en emparant, la Russie relierait directement son territoire à la Beelorussie.

Suvalki face aux difficulty de l’armée russe

“If this is blocked by the Russians, the Otan will not be able to save more money than the land of the Pologne of Lithuania,” said Cibo Fue, the founder of the Foundation’s search for the strategic search. The Baltic countries are retrospectively isolated from the Allies of Europe and the European Union on the land plan.

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“Considering the difficulties of Russia in Ukraine, he made a small comment to support the more popular states”, the nuance of the specialist in contemporary conflicts and strategies of small countries. Moscou n’a pas réussi à mener la guerre éclair qu’elle espérait en Ukraine. The capital, Kiev, resists the Russians, who concentrate their efforts in the Danbass, in the east. Il ya une semaine, les troupes russes ont du, par ailleurs, quitter la deuxième ville de l’Ukraine, Kharkiv.

“Russia is ready to run into a warrior – this is not the only thing that can be done in the department. It is a great thing to do in the Baltic States. More helpful, he said that the army is very capable. que ce qu’on imaginait. Et le risque d’une invasion globale semble s’éloigner “, ajoute le chercheur.

The demand for adherence to Finland and Sweden to Otan is a good news for the Baltic countries. En entrant dans l’Allanticne Alliance, les deux pays european voisins pourraient envoyer du materiel i des troupes. “The admission of Finland will be possible to accommodate the troops of Helsinki in Tallinn. And with the maritime, a landmark of Stockholm can also be misplaced,” said Cibo Fuye.

Une crainte née pendant la Guerre froide

The only prize in the Suwalki corridor control is not new. In the region, representing a “historical inquiries”, he was the owner. “Pendant la Guerre froide, la geografique du corridor suscitait déjà des dopits, alors même que les pays Baltes et la Pologne faisaient partie de l’URSS. La problématicé est ressortie du placard au début des000 [avec l’élargissement de l’Otan en 2004, NDLR] et en 2014 avec l’annexion de la Crimée “, explains Thibaut Foyet.

In 2016, a report by the Rand Corporation think tank was also a big brute, remettant la question du corridor de Suwalki sur le devant de la scéne. Simulant une invasion des États baltes, des chercheurs ont montré que Riga ou Tallinn pourraient être encerclées par les forces russes en moins de 60 heures.

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“These simulations of the Rand Corporation show that the ideal plan for the Russians is to avoid the states of the Baltic States. For the sake of understanding, Russia is a counter-attack of the Ottoman Empire, which will be held before the end, bombing or blocking the corridor of Suwalki to delay the flooding “, explicitly said.

However, there are projections on our limited limits. “It simply came to our notice then that Russia was all over the world. Ce pouvait faire l’Union soviétique en invvasissant une partie de l’Europe, la Russie ne peut pas le faire aujourd’huit en Onvahla. “The assembly of the Baltic states is directly in the corridor of Suwalki, where you have the weight of your army in Ukraine.”

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